Beethoven was almost completely deaf when he composed his colossal double fugue for string quartet in 1825. He developed a method of perceiving sound by biting down on a metal rod attached to his piano, thus ‘hearing’ sound waves pass through his jawbone rather than through the air.
Hannah Rickards, Thunder, 2005. An eight-second thunderclap stretched into a seven-minute passage, transcribed into a score for six instruments. The subsequent performance was recorded and compressed to last eight seconds. A flute, trumpet, trombone, cello, viola and violin now replicate the original thunder.
Anri Sala, Ravel Ravel Unravel, 2013.
Samson Young, Muted Situations #5: Muted Chorus, 2014.
Jeremy Shaw, Variation FQ, 2013. Installation view, Schinkel Pavillon, Berlin.